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# Geometry

Position and Direction of Shape

 POSITION, DIRECTION AND MOVEMENT Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 describe position, direction and movement, including half, quarter and three-quarter turns. use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anti-clockwise) describe positions on a 2-D grid as coordinates in the first quadrant identify, describe and represent the position of a shape following a reflection or translation, using the appropriate language, and know that the shape has not changed describe positions on the full coordinate grid (all four quadrants) describe movements between positions as translations of a given unit to the left/right and up/down draw and translate simple shapes on the coordinate plane, and reflect them in the axes. plot specified points and draw sides to complete a given polygon PATTERN order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences

Properties of Shape

 IDENTIFYING SHAPES AND THIER PROPERTIES Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 recognise and name common 2-D and 3-D shapes, including: 2-D shapes [e.g. rectangles (including squares), circles and triangles] 3-D shapes [e.g. cuboids (including cubes), pyramids and spheres]. identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line identify lines of symmetry in 2-D shapes presented in different orientations identify 3-D shapes, including cubes and other cuboids, from 2-D representations recognise, describe and build simple 3-D shapes, including making nets (appears also in Drawing and Constructing) identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces illustrate and name parts of circles, including radius, diameter and circumference and know that the diameter is twice the radius identify 2-D shapes on the surface of 3-D shapes, [for example, a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid] DRAWING AND CONSTRUCTING draw 2-D shapes and make 3-D shapes using modelling materials; recognise 3-D shapes in different orientations and describe them complete a simple symmetric figure with respect to a specific line of symmetry draw given angles, and measure them in degrees (o) draw 2-D shapes using given dimensions and angles recognise, describe and build simple 3-D shapes, including making nets (appears also in Identifying Shapes and Their Properties) COMPARING AND CLASSIFYING Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects compare and classify geometric shapes, including quadrilaterals and triangles, based on their properties and sizes use the properties of rectangles to deduce related facts and find missing lengths and angles compare and classify geometric shapes based on their properties and sizes and find unknown angles in any triangles, quadrilaterals, and regular polygons distinguish between regular and irregular polygons based on reasoning about equal sides and angles ANGLES recognise angles as a property of shape or a description of a turn know angles are measured in degrees: estimate and compare acute, obtuse and reflex angles identify right angles, recognise that two right angles make a half-turn, three make three quarters of a turn and four a complete turn; identify whether angles are greater than or less than a right angle identify acute and obtuse angles and compare and order angles up to two right angles by size identify: angles at a point and one whole turn (total 360o) angles at a point on a straight line and ½ a turn (total 180o) other multiples of 90o recognise angles where they meet at a point, are on a straight line, or are vertically opposite, and find missing angles identify horizontal and vertical lines and pairs of perpendicular and parallel lines