Number and Place Value
COUNTING  
Year 1  Year 2  Year 3  Year 4  Year 5  Year 6 
count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number 

 count backwards through zero to include negative numbers
 interpret negative numbers in context, count forwards and backwards with positive and negative whole numbers, including through zero  use negative numbers in context, and calculate intervals across zero

count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals; count in multiples of twos, fives and tens  count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forward or backward
 count from 0 in multiples of 4, 8, 50 and 100;
 count in multiples of 6, 7, 9, 25 and 1 000
 count forwards or backwards in steps of powers of 10 for any given number up to 1 000 000 

given a number, identify one more and one less

 find 10 or 100 more or less than a given number
 find 1 000 more or less than a given number



COMPARING NUMBERS  
use the language of: equal to, more than, less than (fewer), most, least
 compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs
 compare and order numbers up to 1 000
 order and compare numbers beyond 1 000  read, write, order and compare numbers to at least 1 000 000 and determine the value of each digit (appears also in Reading and Writing Numbers)  read, write, order and compare numbers up to 10 000 000 and determine the value of each digit (appears also in Reading and Writing Numbers) 
compare numbers with the same number of decimal places up to two decimal places (copied from Fractions)  
IDENTIFYING, REPRESENTING AND ESTIMATING NUMBERS  
identify and represent numbers using objects and pictorial representations including the number line  identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line  identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations
 identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations 


READING AND WRITING NUMBERS (including Roman Numerals)  
Year 1  Year 2  Year 3  Year 4  Year 5  Year 6 
read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in numerals and words.  read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words
 read and write numbers up to 1 000 in numerals and in words 
 read, write, order and compare numbers to at least 1 000 000 and determine the value of each digit (appears also in Comparing Numbers)  read, write, order and compare numbers up to 10 000 000 and determine the value of each digit (appears also in Understanding Place Value) 
tell and write the time from an analogue clock, including using Roman numerals from I to XII, and 12hour and 24hour clocks (copied from Measurement)  read Roman numerals to 100 (I to C) and know that over time, the numeral system changed to include the concept of zero and place value.  read Roman numerals to 1 000 (M) and recognise years written in Roman numerals.  
UNDERSTANDING PLACE VALUE  
 recognise the place value of each digit in a twodigit number (tens, ones)
 recognise the place value of each digit in a threedigit number (hundreds, tens, ones)
 recognise the place value of each digit in a fourdigit number (thousands, hundreds, tens, and ones)  read, write, order and compare numbers to at least 1 000 000 and determine the value of each digit (appears also in Reading and Writing Numbers)
recognise and use thousandths and relate them to tenths, hundredths and decimal equivalents (copied from Fractions)  read, write, order and compare numbers up to 10 000 000 and determine the value of each digit (appears also in Reading and Writing Numbers) 
find the effect of dividing a one or twodigit number by 10 and 100, identifying the value of the digits in the answer as units, tenths and hundredths (copied from Fractions)  identify the value of each digit to three decimal places and multiply and divide numbers by 10, 100 and 1 000 where the answers are up to three decimal places (copied from Fractions) 
ROUNDING  
Year 1  Year 2  Year 3  Year 4  Year 5  Year 6 


 round any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1 000
 round any number up to 1 000 000 to the nearest 10, 100, 1 000, 10 000 and 100 000  round any whole number to a required degree of accuracy



 round decimals with one decimal place to the nearest whole number (copied from Fractions)
 round decimals with two decimal places to the nearest whole number and to one decimal place (copied from Fractions)  solve problems which require answers to be rounded to specified degrees of accuracy (copied from Fractions) 
PROBLEM SOLVING  
 use place value and number facts to solve problems  solve number problems and practical problems involving these ideas.  solve number and practical problems that involve all of the above and with increasingly large positive numbers
 solve number problems and practical problems that involve all of the above  solve number and practical problems that involve all of the above 
COUNTING  
Year 1  Year 2  Year 3  Year 4  Year 5  Year 6 
count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number 

 count backwards through zero to include negative numbers
 interpret negative numbers in context, count forwards and backwards with positive and negative whole numbers, including through zero  use negative numbers in context, and calculate intervals across zero

count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals; count in multiples of twos, fives and tens  count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forward or backward
 count from 0 in multiples of 4, 8, 50 and 100;
 count in multiples of 6, 7, 9, 25 and 1 000
 count forwards or backwards in steps of powers of 10 for any given number up to 1 000 000 

given a number, identify one more and one less

 find 10 or 100 more or less than a given number
 find 1 000 more or less than a given number



COMPARING NUMBERS  
use the language of: equal to, more than, less than (fewer), most, least
 compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs
 compare and order numbers up to 1 000
 order and compare numbers beyond 1 000  read, write, order and compare numbers to at least 1 000 000 and determine the value of each digit (appears also in Reading and Writing Numbers)  read, write, order and compare numbers up to 10 000 000 and determine the value of each digit (appears also in Reading and Writing Numbers) 
compare numbers with the same number of decimal places up to two decimal places (copied from Fractions)  
IDENTIFYING, REPRESENTING AND ESTIMATING NUMBERS  
identify and represent numbers using objects and pictorial representations including the number line  identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line  identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations
 identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations 


READING AND WRITING NUMBERS (including Roman Numerals)  
Year 1  Year 2  Year 3  Year 4  Year 5  Year 6 
read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in numerals and words.  read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words
 read and write numbers up to 1 000 in numerals and in words 
 read, write, order and compare numbers to at least 1 000 000 and determine the value of each digit (appears also in Comparing Numbers)  read, write, order and compare numbers up to 10 000 000 and determine the value of each digit (appears also in Understanding Place Value) 
tell and write the time from an analogue clock, including using Roman numerals from I to XII, and 12hour and 24hour clocks (copied from Measurement)  read Roman numerals to 100 (I to C) and know that over time, the numeral system changed to include the concept of zero and place value.  read Roman numerals to 1 000 (M) and recognise years written in Roman numerals.  
UNDERSTANDING PLACE VALUE  
 recognise the place value of each digit in a twodigit number (tens, ones)
 recognise the place value of each digit in a threedigit number (hundreds, tens, ones)
 recognise the place value of each digit in a fourdigit number (thousands, hundreds, tens, and ones)  read, write, order and compare numbers to at least 1 000 000 and determine the value of each digit (appears also in Reading and Writing Numbers)
recognise and use thousandths and relate them to tenths, hundredths and decimal equivalents (copied from Fractions)  read, write, order and compare numbers up to 10 000 000 and determine the value of each digit (appears also in Reading and Writing Numbers) 
find the effect of dividing a one or twodigit number by 10 and 100, identifying the value of the digits in the answer as units, tenths and hundredths (copied from Fractions)  identify the value of each digit to three decimal places and multiply and divide numbers by 10, 100 and 1 000 where the answers are up to three decimal places (copied from Fractions) 
ROUNDING  
Year 1  Year 2  Year 3  Year 4  Year 5  Year 6 


 round any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1 000
 round any number up to 1 000 000 to the nearest 10, 100, 1 000, 10 000 and 100 000  round any whole number to a required degree of accuracy



 round decimals with one decimal place to the nearest whole number (copied from Fractions)
 round decimals with two decimal places to the nearest whole number and to one decimal place (copied from Fractions)  solve problems which require answers to be rounded to specified degrees of accuracy (copied from Fractions) 
PROBLEM SOLVING  
 use place value and number facts to solve problems  solve number problems and practical problems involving these ideas.  solve number and practical problems that involve all of the above and with increasingly large positive numbers
 solve number problems and practical problems that involve all of the above  solve number and practical problems that involve all of the above 